No Room to Fake It: Role of Regional Organizations in Building the DRM Capacities of Pacific Island Countries

Regional organizations in the Pacific play a central role in supporting the disaster risk management (DRM) activities of their nation state and territory members. While much is made of the emergent role of regional organizations in building DRM national capacities in other parts of the world, this is not a new issue in the Pacific. For decades, Pacific regional organizations have been engaged in helping states minimize the human and economic losses incurred by natural disasters. This study, authored by Stacey White and published on behalf of the Brookings Institution in 2015, examines the impact of regional capacity-building activities.

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A Critical Disconnect: The Role of SAARC in Building the DRM Capacities of South Asian Countries

Published in 2015 for the Brookings Institution, this paper examines the role of regional organizations in supporting disaster risk management (DRM) across South Asia. The study considers the different elements of the SAARC Disaster Management Centre’s efforts over the last decade in order to assess their impact in supporting the national capacities of member states. It also evaluates the development of DRM national architecture and activities in two case study countries: India and Nepal. The goal of the paper is to get a good sense of where these countries stand with regard to DRM capabilities and to understand what role, if any, regional approaches have had in reinforcing national systems. 

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The Role of Regional Organizations in Building the Capacities of Pacific Island Nations

Regional organizations in the Pacific play a central role in supporting the disaster risk management (DRM) activities of their nation state and territory members. While much is made of the emergent role of regional organizations in building DRM national capacities in other parts of the world, this is not a new issue in the Pacific. For decades, Pacific regional organizations have been engaged in helping states minimize the human and economic losses incurred by natural disasters. This study, authored by Stacey White and published on behalf of the Brookings Institution in 2015, examines the impact of regional capacity-building activities.

 

Now What? The International Response to Internal Displacement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)

The purpose of the paper, produced in late 2014 under the auspices of a larger Brookings Institution study on internal displacement, was to review the assistance and protection conditions for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in DRC relative to what they were a decade ago. A more specific objective of the paper was to consider whether the key elements of the 2005 Global Humanitarian Response Review—notably leadership support for the Humanitarian Coordinator role, introduction of improved coordination through the Cluster Approach, and the establishment/expansion of pooled funding mechanisms for faster, more flexible money—had a discernable impact on the protection and assistance conditions of IDPs in the country.

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The Views of National Authorities on Global NGO Certification: A Scoping Exercise

This scoping exercise was conducted in 2013 on behalf of the Steering Committee on Humanitarian Response (SCHR). The purpose of the exercise was to examine the views of national disaster management officials regarding plans for a global NGO certification system. The report represents the first effort of its kind to engage national disaster management officials in discussions around NGO accountability and global NGO certification models.

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Disaster Response in Asia and the Pacific: A Guide to International Tools and Services

This Guide, produced in 2010 for the OCHA Regional Office in Asia and the Pacific (OCHA ROAP), is designed to help national disaster management organizations (NDMOs) and relevant line ministries within national governments gain basic knowledge of how to use international humanitarian response tools and services. Translated into Chinese, Japanese, and Bahasa Indonesia, this guide seeks to support the growing disaster response and disaster response preparedness capabilities that exist at national levels across the Asia and the Pacific region.

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Corporate Engagement in Natural Disaster Response: Piecing Together the Value Chain

Commissioned by Chevron and published on behalf of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in 2012, this report addresses the following issues: (1) ongoing efforts to better match corporate supply with humanitarian demands through common convening platforms; (2) the important role of the U.S. government in guiding corporate engagement; (3) the need to transfer corporate skill sets to humanitarian partners through focused staff exchange programs; (4) the case for greater corporate action in the areas of disaster risk reduction and recovery as a means to strengthen consumer markets and product supply chains; and (5) the imperative to localize corporate engagement to the greatest extent possible.

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Government Decentralization in the 21st Century: A Literature Review

De centralization is widely lauded as a key component of good governance and development. It is also broadly recognized as a process fraught with complexity and potential failure. This background paper, produced for the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in 2011, offers a review of 33 scholarly papers, articles, and books on decentralization from 1956 to present, with the majority of works (26) published since 2000. It includes research by the U.S. government, the World Bank, national and international think tanks, and a wide range of universities and scholars. An annotated bibliography is included at the end summarizing the reviewed works.

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Partnership for Recovery and a Stronger Future: Standing with Japan After 3-11

In April 2011, the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), in partnership with Keidanren, formed a task force of prominent Americans to examine ways that the United States and Japan could partner on recovery and reconstruction following the March 11 earthquake and tsunami. The task force organized working groups on disaster preparedness and recovery, economic recovery, energy strategy, health and recovery, lessons for the alliance, and strengthening civil society linkages. Stacey White managed the working group on disaster preparedness and recovery and drafted Chapter 1 of the final report of the joint task force.

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The Dominican Response to the Haiti Earthquake: A Neighbor’s Journey

Co-authored with Johanna Mendelson Foreman and published by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in 2011, this paper examines the massive cross-border emergency mission launched by the Dominican Republic in the immediate aftermath of the Haitian earthquake of 2010. It highlights the impact of the assistance mission on relations between the two countries, as well as its influence in awakening the Dominican Republic to the risks posed by natural disasters.

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The 2010 Flooding Disaster in Pakistan: An Opportunity for Governance Reform or Another Layer of Dysfunction?

This short summary, produced for the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in 2011, outlines the role of disaster response following the massive floods of 2010 as a possible opportunity to build trust between the Pakistan government and its civilian population. It compares the national structures in place for disaster response during the Kashmir earthquake of 2005 and the 2010 flooding. The summary findings are based on a longer unpublished paper on the subject.

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Somali Futures: A Pilot Survey

An initiative of the Humanitarian Futures Programme at King’s College, London, this survey explores how Somalis see the future of their country. Stacey White conducted interviews and focus group discussions with Somali Diaspora residing in the United States, and prepared an analysis of their views. The HFP study was published in 2011.

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Emerging Powers, Emerging Donors: Teasing Out Developing Patterns

In an effort to develop a baseline of knowledge around the subject of emerging humanitarian donors, this report offers an analysis of the role of emerging powers as humanitarian donors through a quantitative study of natural disaster response donations over the last six years. Using the Indian Ocean tsunami as a starting point, it examines the recorded contributions of emerging powers to the largest natural disasters between 2004-2010. Included in the analysis are the Indian Ocean tsunami (2004), the Kashmir earthquake (2005), Cyclone Nargis (2008), the Sichuan earthquake (2008), the Haitian earthquake (2010), and the Pakistan floods (2010). Emerging donors comprised in the analysis include the BRICs, Asian nations, and Gulf countries. The paper was published by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in 2011.

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Strategic Leadership in 21st Century Humanitarian Organizations: A Preliminary Scoping Exercise

Published in 2010 by the Humanitarian Futures Programme at King’s College, London, this scoping exercise defines the key characteristics required for effective humanitarian leadership. It also considers the institutional adjustments necessary to provide an enabling environment for such leadership in the humanitarian industry. The findings of the scoping exercise are based on interviews Stacey White conducted with more than 20 global leadership experts across a range of professional fields.

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Asia’s Response to Climate Change and Natural Disasters: Implications for an Evolving Regional Architecture

The paper examines how Asia as a region is responding to the non-traditional and trans-boundary security threats of climate change and natural disasters, and what it means for the evolution of regional institutions. Stacey White authored the chapter on regional approaches to disaster management, studying the roles of multiple Asian regional organizations during multiple research trips to the region. The volume was published by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) in 2010.

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Humanitarian Horizons: A Practitioners’ Guide to the Future

Published in 2010, this guide merges the projections of global change highlighted by four earlier research papers with the futures perspectives of operational humanitarian agencies. The guide aims to help aid agencies to make the necessary changes to their thinking and organization in preparation for the future. Serving as the culmination of the Humanitarian Horizons project, the guide was commissioned by members of the Inter-Agency Working Group and implemented jointly by the Feinstein International Center (FIC) and the Humanitarian Futures Programme (HFP) at King’s College, London. Stacey White managed the production of the earlier research papers and drafted the final Practitioner’s Guide.

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Final Report of the Phase II Mission to Tajikistan

This report summarizes the activities and findings of a mission to Tajikistan conducted for the Humanitarian Futures Programme (HFP) at King’s College, London. The goals of the mission were to assess the futures capacities of Tajikistan’s country-level humanitarian stakeholders. Following an initial assessment of the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) in May 2008, HFP conducted a follow-up mission to the country in June/July 2009 to explore concrete ways to support the Government of Tajikistan, the UNCT, and other stakeholders to prepare for an increasingly complex humanitarian future. Stacey White led the follow-up mission, which included multiple in-country interviews and the facilitation of a conference. She then drafted the final report of the Phase II Mission.

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